Farndales and Agriculture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agriculture has always been the heart of the Farndale communities

 

 

 

 

  

Home Page

The Farndale Directory

Farndale Themes

Farndale History

Particular branches of the family tree

Other Information

General Sir Martin Farndale KCB

Links

 

Whilst it is perhaps misleading to over-categorise a family of the size of the Farndales, it is possible to identify trends and a broad summary might define the Farndales as farmers, pioneers and soldiers.

 

This web page tells the story of the Farndales and agriculture.

 The Farm Labourers

 

Those who provided their labour to agriculture included:

 

George Farndale of Brotton (FAR00215)

Jethro Farndale of Ampleforth (FAR00218)

Wilson Farndale (FAR00227)

Henry Farndale of Great Ayton (FAR00229)

William Farndale of Brotton (FAR00243)

William Farndale of Whitby (FAR00257)

William Farndale of Seltringham (FAR00258)

John Farndale of Eskdaleside (FAR00262)

Martin Farndale of Kilton (FAR00264)

William Farndale of Great Ayton (FAR00283)

Joseph Farndale of Whitby (FAR00285)

William Farndale of Ampleforth (FAR00286)

John Farndale of Kilton (FAR00287)

Richard Farndale of Great Ayton (FAR00288)

Matthew Farndale of Coatham (FAR00297)

John Farndale (FAR00305)

John George Farndale before he emigrated to Ontario (FAR00337)

William Farndale of Loftus (FAR00378)

Thomas Farndale of Ampleforth (FAR00474)

George Farndale of Loftus (FAR00627)

The farmers

 

Many Farndales were farmers including:

 

John Farndale, “Old Farndale of Kilton” (FAR000143)

William Farndale, Farmer of Craggs (FAR000146)

William Farndale (FAR00152) perhaps for a time

John Farndale (FAR00167)

John Farndale (FAR00177)

William Farndale (FAR00183)

Elias Farndale of Ampleforth (FAR00184)

John Farndale, also writer about Kilton (FAR00217)

Matthew Farndale, who then emigrated to Australia (FAR00225)

John Farndale (FAR00230)

Martin Farndale of Kilton (FAR00236)

John Farndale (FAR00240)

John Farndale of Whitby (FAR00244)

George Farndale of Kilton (FAR00252)

Elias Farndale of Ampleforth (FAR00274)

Charles Farndale of Kilton Hall Farm (FAR00341)

George Farndale of Brotton (FAR00350C)

Martin Farndale of Tidkinhow (FAR00364)

Matthew Farndale of Craggs (FAR00383)

William Farndale of Gillingwood Hall, Richmond (FAR00531)

John William Farndale of Danby (FAR00537)

John Farndale at Tidkinhow (FAR00553)

Martin Farndale, cattle farmer of Alberta (FAR00571)

George Farndale, farmer at Three Hills, Alberta (FAR00588)

Catherine Farndale and the Kinseys in Alberta (FAR00601)

Herbert Farndale of Craggs (FAR00652)

Grace Farndale and Howard Holmes (FAR00659)

William Farndale of Thirsk (FAR00665)

Alfred Farndale of Wensleydale (FAR00683)

Geoff Farndale of Wensleydale (FAR00922)

 

 

 

 

 

Gale Bank Farm, Wensley where Alfred and Geoff farmed

 

 

 

Gale Bank Farm early twentieth century

 

 

  

 

Martin Farndale at Tidkinhow about 1920                                       John Farndale at Tidkinhow about 1937

 

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Description automatically generated 

 

Matthew Farndale and Mary Ann at Craggs Hall         George Farndale, of Kilton Hall Farm, about 1925

Farm, about 1900

 

 Medieval Farming

 

 

Peasant woman milking a cow, mid Thirteenth Century

 

1233 - The Abbot grants that if the cattle of Nicholas or of his heirs or of his men at KikbyFademorGillingmor or Farndale, hereafter enter upon the common of the said wood and pasture of HoutonSpaunton and Farendale, they shall have free way in and out without ward set; provided they do not tarry in the said pasture.’ 17th year of the Reign of Henry III. (Yorkshire Fines Vol LXVII) (FAR00007)

 

John the shepherd of Farndale, paid taxes to the Eyre Court in 1280. (Say age 30 when he paid, then he was born about 1250) (FAR00010 and FAR00019). (Feet of Fines)

 

‘In a certain dale called Farndale there are fourscore and ten natives, not tenants by bovate of land, but by, more and less, whose rents are extended at £38 8s 8d. Each of whom pays at Martinmas two strikes of nuts, four of the aforesaid tenants only being excepted from the rent of nuts. Price of nuts as above. Sum of nuts, two and a half quarters and one strike. Sum in money 43s 9d of whom four score and five shall be harrowing at Lent according to the size of his holding, that is, for each acre of his own land a 1/2d worth of harrowing. Those works are extended at 29s 4d. They ought to be talliated and given pannage as above. The sum of £1 10s 1d. There are there three tenants in waste places called Arkeners and Swenekelis, holding ten acres of land, an paying 10s a year and giving nuts worth 18d. The harrowing is extended at 5d. They are serfs as the aforesaid ones of Farndale. Sum 11s 11d.’ This would mean that on average each ‘native’ paid 8s 7d rent and that if the rent per acre was the same as in 1276 (See FAR00017), then each tenant had 8.5 acres which would mean about 66 farmers in the dale in 1282. (Inquisitions Post Mortem) (FAR00020)

 

 

 

Many of the poorer people living in a late medieval (1450-1500) village would have had a one room house such as this. The size of the house, the way it was built, and the contents reveal the simplicity of the home. The villagers provided most of what they needed for themselves and their daily routine was governed by the seasons.

 

The family lived at one end of the building and the animals, kept for milk, meat and wool, at the other. The hearth, where the meals were cooked, was the centre of the home. The smoke would escape through the thatch.

 

The cottage was also used to store tools and those used for raking, hoeing, scything and chopping varied little over centuries. Hay and grain, needed over winter, were stored in the loft and salted meats hung from the roof beams.

 

The most precious possessions were stored in wooden chests. All the furniture could be easily moved to allow the room to be used for other purposes.

 

 

 

 

 

Rural Life on the North Yorks Moors 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ranges

 

There were many foundries across the North Yorkshire Moors that specialised in the production of parts for ranges. People could choose features and even decoration, as they wished – for instance one or two ovens, separate or combined hearths, a turf plate or coal basket and left or right handed. Complicated flues to alter the draught could be operated to transfer heat from the main hearth to the ovens to cook.

 

There is a manufacturer of wood burning stoves in Pickering which keeps up the tradition, and they have a Farndale Stove!

 

 

Water supply and plumbing

 

Supplying water to a nineteenth century house could be a challenge. Few of the poorer houses had indoor taps and people relied upon communal supplies such as rivers, wells and springs. Two buckets might be carried with a yoke.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Local rural communities would have relied upon local businesses such as blacksmiths and iron foundries, such as these, reconstructed at the Ryedale Folk Museum near Farndale today.