John Farndale, son of John Farndale (FAR00116)
(Became known as Old Farndale of Kilton).
John Farndale, married Grace Simpson at Brotton on 16 Apr 1750. Grace was born in
1733. Therefore he was 25 and she was 17 when they
married (See gravestone detail below).
John Farndale, son of John and Grace Farndale, baptised Brotton 24 Mar 1749/50 (FAR00167).
George Farndale, son of John and Grace Farndale, baptised Brotton 13 May 1753 (FAR00170).
Hannah Farndale, daughter of John and Grace Farndale,
baptised Brotton 17 Sep 1755 (FAR00174).
Elizabeth Farndale, daughter of John and Grace Farndale,
baptised Brotton 17 Sep 1755 (FAR00175).
Sarah Farndale, daughter of John and Grace Farndale,
baptised Brotton 21 Jan 1758 (FAR00178).
William Farndale, son of John and Grace Farndale, baptised Brotton 20 Mar 1760 (FAR00183).
Mary Farndale, daughter of John and Grace Farndale,
baptised Brotton 26 Apr 1761 (FAR00185).
Grace Farndale, daughter of John and Grace Farndale,
baptised Brotton 2 Dec 1764. (FAR00189).
John Farndale shown as tenant of Cragg Farm on the Wharton
Estate of 31 acres in 1773 for which he paid rent of £26 (17s an acre). He
seems to have moved to How Hill Farm
also on the Wharton Estate at Kilton on 1791. This was just over 83 acres
for which he paid £66 9s 8d in 1791.
He later farmed at Kilton.
Brotton Church Rates:
John Farndale, paid Church Rates at Kilton at the rate of 2d in the £ and 4d per
.£1 2s 0d
.£1 2s 0d
.£3 3s 0d
.£1 11s 0d*
.£4 5s 0d
.£6 9s 1d
.two payments..10s 8d
[In 1787 he
was paid 15s for going
to Hutton Buschell].
..£5 8s 2d
..£3 5s 2d
..£3 3s 1d
..£3 3s 1d
with Willm Farndale 6s 3d
with Willm Farndale 9s 5d
[This was his last payment].
[Note: John Farndale ran this account and presented it in
1779. In 1784, 1789, 1791, 1792, 1795, 1796, 1797 & 1802 he was one of
those approving the account].
Disbursements for the Poor:
John Farndale, signed the Kilton
Accounts for the Disbursement of money to the poor in 1795. He donated £3 7s
0d in 1798; £6 2s 11d in 1800; £11 14s 6d in 1801; £3 3s 4d in 1803; £3 3s 0d
John Farndale, signed the Kilton
Overseers Accounts in 1796, 1797, 1798, 1800 and 1802. (He was paid 2s 6d in
Under the terms of the Defence Act of 1801 Parish
Constables were required to put in returns showing what could be contributed to help in the defence of the Realm in
the event of a French attack. Schedule 1 listed men between 15 and 60 who
could fight; Schedule 2 listed equipment and schedule 3 listed those who
could help in some other way. John Farndale Senior (see this Note 143) of Kilton is listed as being able to provide; 2
oxen; 11 cows; 11 young cattle and colts; 32 sheep and goats; 9 pigs; 1
riding horse; 4 draft horses; 2 wagons; 2 carts; 26 qtrs
of wheat; 48 qtrs of oats; 2 qtrs
of barley; 10 qtrs of beans and peas; 19 loads of
hay; 25 loads of straw; 20 sacks of potatoes.
(Brotton PR, Muster Rolls Cleveland)
In his booklet A Guide to Saltburn By The Sea John
Farndale, his Grandson writes, My Grandfather, who was a Kiltonian, employed
many men at his alum house, and many
a merry tale have I heard him tell of smugglers and their daring adventures
and hair breadth escapes.
In his booklet , The History of
Kilton John Farndale his Grandson writes, I see in the book recorded and registered
in olden time, the names of farmers who once occupied this great farm [at Kilton] R and W Jolly,
M Young, R Mitchell; W Wood, J Harland, T Toas, J Readman,
J Farndale [Note perhaps this is John Farndale, Old Farndale of
Kilton, This FAR00143),
S Farndale [could this be Samuel Farndale, FAR00149?], J and W
Farndale [Perhaps the brothers John Farndale FAR00167, and William Farndale,
FAR00183], all these
tenants once occupied this great farm; now blended into one. I remember what a muster at the Kilton rent
days, twice a year, when dinner was provided for a quarter of a hundred
tenants, Brotton, Moorsholm, Stanghoe,
those paid their rents at Kilton; and were indeed belonging to the Kilton
Court, kept here also, and the old matron proudly provided a rich plum
pudding and roast beef; and the steward also a jolly punch bowl, for it was a
pleasure to him to take the rents at Kilton, the day before Skelton rent day.
The steward always called old J Farndale to the vice-chair, he being old, and the oldest tenant. Farndales was the most
numerous family, and
had lived on the estate for many ages. Kilton had many mechanics, and
here we had a public house, a meeting house, two lodging houses, and a school
house, to learn our ABCs, from which sprang two eminent school masters, who
became extremely popular; we had a butchers shop, we had a London tailor and
is apprentice, and eight other apprentices more; we had a rag merchant and a shop
which sold song books, pins, needles, tape and thread; we had five sailors,
two soldiers, two missionaries, besides a number of old people, aged 80, 90
and 100 years. But last, not least, Wm Tulley Esq.,
who took so much interest in the old castle planted its orchard, bowling
green, and made fish ponds, which were fed by a reservoir near the Park
House, Kiltonthorpe, Kilton Lodge, together with
all these improvements around the castle, which are now no more.
passing down Cattersty Creak, where many a cargo of
smuggled goods have been delivered here, is a very choice place. The last I
remember in this place is that Tom Webster strangled himself by carrying gin
tubs round is neck. Once more I stand on Skinningrove
duffy sands, where I have seen it crowded with wood
and corf rods for the North by the
said Wm and John Farndale. But what crowds of
horses, men, and waggons, when the gin ship appeared
in view. Our friends had no dealings with those Samaritan gin runners, yet
they had great dealings at Skinningrove seaport, both
in export and import, as well as supplying the hall of F Easterby
Esq., with corn, wheat, oats, beans, butter,
cheese, hams, potatoes &c, &c, and once, a year at Christmas they balanced accounts, over
a bottle of Hollands gin, and after eulogising each other, the squire would
rise and say, Johnny, when you are gone, there will never be such
another Johnny Farndale. Here lived the Kings officer, in the
high season of gin running, but I knew of few captures; he wished to live and
die in peace, and the revenue received little from his services. Near Skinnngrove are the Lofthouse iron mines, Messrs Pearse,
lessees. Above is the grand iron bridge standing on twelve massive pillars,
178 feet high, which spans the cavern from the Kilton Estate to Liverton Estate, the first and grandest in all England.
Lofthouse, and their long famed alum works, which
has been the support of Lofthouse for ages gone, but now discontinued. How
well I remember my school days when we faced all weather through Kilton
Woods, and how I respected my masters the Rev Wm Barrick, Mr Wm King, the
great navigator, and Captain Napper, steward to the works. The popular
Midsummer Lofthouse fair was the only fair we children were allowed to attend.
Land Tax Returns:
In the Land tax Assessments for Kilton the owner of the
Wharton Estate is Miss Waugh and it shows John Farndil paying £3 4s 0d in 1782, 83 and 84 and £5 3s 4d
(Land Tax Returns)
[Grace Farndale, wife of John Farndale of Kilton, cooper,
buried, Brotton 5 May 1789. She was aged 56.]
There is also a record of Grace, wife
of John Farndale of Kilton, buried 5 May 1783. I think this must be the right
Grace, but the date must be wrong see gravestone.
John Farndale, of Kilton
Thorpe was buried in Brotton Old Churchyard 27 Jan 1807. He was aged 83; he
had lived for 18 years after the death of his wife and outlived four of his
His Memorial Stands in Old Brotton Churchyard;
Erected to the Memory of John Farndale who died 24th
January 1807 aged 83 years. Also Grace his wife who died 3rd May 1789 aged 56
The Will of John Farndale;
the Name of God Amen. I John Farndale, of Kilton in the County of York, yeoman, being weak in body but of
sound disposition, memory and understanding, do this day, the twenty second
day of January in the year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seven,
make, publish and ordain this my Last Will and Testament in the manner
following. First, I give and bequeath unto my son John Farndale the sum of
Thirteen pounds: also I give and bequeath unto my daughter Grace Francis, the
wife of William Francis, the sum of Thirteen pounds: also I give and bequeath
unto my said daughter Mary Franklin the sum of Thirteen pounds: and all the
above said legacies shall be paid at the end of twelve months next after my
decease. All the rest, residue and remainder of my money, goods, chattels and
personal estate whatsoever as I may die possessed of after my just debts and
funeral expenses are discharged, I give and bequeath unto my son William
Farndale whom I likewise make and appoint my said son William Farndale sole
executor of this my Last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have to
this Last Will and Testament set my hand and seal the day and year first above
by John Farndale
(Brotton PR, Memorial Records, Yorkshire Wills)
In the history of France, the First
Republic was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution. The First Republic lasted
until the declaration of the First Empire in 1804 under Napoleon,
although the form of the government changed several times. This period was
characterized by the fall of the monarchy,
the establishment of the National Convention and the Reign of Terror,
the Thermidorian Reaction and the founding
of the Directory, and, finally, the creation of
the Consulate and Napoleon's rise to power.
In the 16th-century alum was essential in the textile
industry as a fixative for dyes. Initially imported from Italy where
there was a Papal monopoly on the industry, the supply to Great Britain was
cut off during the Reformation. In response to this need Thomas Challoner set
up Britains first Alum works in Guisborough. He
recognised that the fossils found around the Yorkshire coast were similar to those found in the Alum quarries in Europe. As
the industry grew, sites along the coast were favoured as access to the
shales and subsequent transportation was much easier.
Alum mine, Cleveland
Alum was extracted from quarried
shales through a large scale and complicated process which took months to
complete. The process involved extracting then burning huge piles of shale
for 9 months, before transferring it to leaching pits to extract an aluminium
sulphate liquor. This was sent along channels to the alum works where human
urine was added.
At the peak of alum production
the industry required 200 tonnes of urine every year, equivalent to the
produce of 1,000 people. The demand was such that it was imported from London
and Newcastle, buckets were left on street corners for collection and
reportedly public toilets were built in Hull in order to supply the alum
works. This unsavoury liquor was left until the alum crystals settled out,
ready to be removed. An intriguing method was employed to judge when the
optimum amount of alum had been extracted from the liquor when it was ready
an egg could be floated in the solution.
last Alum works on the Yorkshire Coast closed in 1871. This was due to the invention of
manufacturing synthetic alum in 1855, then subsequently the creation of
aniline dyes which contained their own fixative.
There are many sites along the
Yorkshire Coast which bear evidence of the alum industry. These include Loftus Alum Quarries where the cliff profile
is drastically changed by extraction and huge shale tips remain. Further
South are the Ravenscar Alum Works, which are well preserved and enable
visitors to visualise the processes which took place.
A cooper is a person trained to make
wooden casks, barrels, vats, buckets, tubs, troughs and
other staved containers from timber that was usually heated or steamed to
make it pliable. Journeymen coopers also traditionally made wooden
implements, such as rakes and wooden-bladed shovels. In addition to wood,
other materials, such as iron, were used in the manufacturing process.
John Farndales gravestone in Brotton
(photographs taken 2016)