John Farndale, son of William & Mary Farndale
(FAR00183) of Kilton, baptised 9
October 1791, Brotton.
(Brotton PR & IGI)
www.birdsinthetree.com indicates DOB 15 August 1791
John Farndale of the Parish of Skelton and Martha Patton of this (Yarm)
Parish were married by licence with the consent this 18th Day of May in the
year 1829 by me John Graves, Curate. This marriage was solemnised between us,
John Farndale and Martha Patton in the presence of Rob Coulson and Elizabeth
www.birdsinthetree.com indicates this John Farndale married
Ann Nicholson on 12 December 1813 at the age of 22
William Masterman Farndale, born Skelton 24 Mar 1831 (FAR00312).
Mary Farndale, born Stockton 1832 (FAR00316).
Elizabeth Farndale, born Skelton
5 May 1832 (FAR00319).
Teresa Farndale, born Skelton
5 Dec 1833 (FAR00325).
Annie Maria Farndale, born Skelton
9 Jun 1835 (FAR00334).
John George Farndale, born Skelton
27 Nov 1836 (FAR00337).
Charles Farndale, born Skelton
27 Feb 1838 (FAR00341).
His son, Charles
Farndale's birth certificate in 1838 shows John was then living in Skelton and occupied as a farmer (MC
Emma Farndale, born Skelton
20 Dec 1839 (FAR00346).
John Farndale, yeoman farmer, living at Skelton 1822 and 1833.
Skelton Parish Church
Warden’s Accounts 1825 -1840;
1825 Assessment for bread and wine at 8s per
and 12d per oxgang;
Farndale @ 1 Oxgang...........5s 6d.
1826 Assessment @ 2s 6d per house and 1s
Farndale @ 4 oxgangs.........7s 6d.
Farndale @ 1/2 oxgang...1s 9d.
1827 Assessments @ 2s 6d per house and 1s
Farndale, 4 oxgangs............7s 6d.
1828 Assessments @ 1s 6d per house and 1s
Farndale, 4 oxgangs............5s 6d.
1829 Assessments @ 1s 6d per house and 6d
Farndale, 4 oxgangs.............3s 0d.
of his marriage).
1830 Assessments; 1st class house 1s; 2nd
house 6d and 3d per oxgang;
Farndale 4 oxgangs/2nd class
1831 Assessments; 1st class house 1s; 2nd
house 6d and 3d per oxgang;
Farndale, 4 oxgangs/1st class
Rates altered marginally and John Farndale paid 3s in 1832;
4s in 1833; 5s in 1834 and 1835; 4s 6d in 1836; 4s in 1837 and 1838[ 3s in
1839. His name is crossed out in 1840. His wife died in December 1839 and he
is next shown in the census as being in Durham.
Martha, wife of John Farndale of Coatham-Stob buried aged 39 on 9 Dec 1839. (Therefore born 1800).
‘Dec 6th. At Coatham-Conyers, in Stockton Circuit, Matha, the wife of John Farndale. She was truly converted
to God in the twenty sixth year of her age; and from that period
she was a consistent member of the Wesleyan Society. Her death was rather sudden but she was found ready. Aware of her approaching
dissolution she said, ‘This is the mysterious Providence; but what I know not
now, I shall know hereafter.’ Some of her last words were, ‘Tell my dear
husband for his encouragement, that I am going to Jesus. How necessary it is
to live life for God? Oh Lord help me that I may have strength to leave a
clear testimony that I am gone to Jesus.’ It was enquired, ‘Do you feel Jesus
present?’ She replied, ‘Yes,’ and soon fell asleep in Him.’ MJ.
(Methodist magazine, 1840, page 172)
Martha Farndale's death registered Stockton District
(GRO Vol 24 page 148
Census 1841 – Danby
John Farndale, agricultural
labourer, aged 50
Mary Farndale (FAR00316), daughter aged 20
Census 1851 - Danby End;
John Farndale, Head; widower; age 60; Ag Lab; born Kilton (ie born 1791).
Census 1861 Danby;
John Farndale, Head; Widower; age 66; Ag Lab; born Kilton (ie born 1795!).
Census 1871 Stokesley - Back lane;
John Farndale, Head; widower; age 79; Insurance Agent; born
Brotton. (ie born 1792)
Also living with him;
Joseph D Blackburn, grandson (aged 9); born Furness Lanes.
In 1870, in The
History of the Ancient Hamlet of Kilton-in-Cleveland, printed by W Rapp, Dundas Street,
Saltburn 1870 (see further below), he wrote:
"My first remembrance began in my nurse's
arms when I could not have been more than 1 1/2 years old; a memory as vivid
as if it were yesterday. She took me out on St Stephen's Day 1973 into the
current Garth (a small enclosure) with a stick and 'solt'
to kill a hare. A great day at the time”. Another time (after celebrating the
victory of Trafalgar, 1805) he was dangling head foremost down the draw well
hanging by the buckle of his shoe. He goes on to describe a very happy
childhood and he clearly adored his mother. "At this time I believe I loved God
and was happy."
He remembered "an
old relation of my father" (there were several in Kilton at that
time) remarking that his elder brother George was a "prodigal son", while John was the
son at home with his father. But he describes how he got up to many frolics and had some narrow escapes, although he
was no drunkard or swearer.
His parents, he said, "were strict Church people and kept a strict look out. I became leader
of the (Brotton) church signers, clever in music" and he excelled his
friends. He had a close friend, a musician in the church choir. One day he
met him and said he had been very ill and had been reading a lot of books
including "Aeleyn's Alarum" and others
"which nearly made my hair stand on end." .
His friend told him that he was going to alter his way of life and if John
would not refrain from his revelries, he would "be obliged to forsake
your company.". "That was a nail in a sure place. I was ashamed and
grieved as I thought myself more pious than he. Now I began to enter a new
life as suddenly at St Paul's but with this difference, he was in distress
for three days and nights but for me it was three months". He fasted all
Lent and describes his torment. "How often I went onto the hill with my
Clarinet to play my favourite tune."
Alleyn’s Alarm was a pious text from the time:
His companion lived one mile away (at Brotton perhaps?) and
they met half way every Sunday morning at 6am for prayer. He remembered well meeting
in a corner of a large grass field. George (Sayer) began and he followed.
When they finished they opened their eyes to see
"a rough farm lad
standing over us, no doubt a little nervous. Next day this boy said to others
in the harvest field 'George Sayer and John Farndale are two good lads for I
found them in a field praying.' " On the following Sunday they moved
to a small wood and met under an oak tree and met an old man who wanted to
join them. As usual George began and John continued
when the old man began to roar in great distress
John Farndale aged 86 years, Gentleman, died of senile
debility at Kilton. Charles Farndale, son
was present at the death 28 Jan 1878.
Gravestone Old Brotton
In memory of Martha the wife of John Farndale who died 6th
December 1839 aged 39 years. Emma their daughter on the 18th aged 18 days.
Also the above John Farndale who died 28th January 1878
aged 86 years, loved and respected.
hast been my Defence and
in the Days of my thoughts.
It would appear that Martha died from childbirth and
her daughter Emma then died a few days later
John Farndale buried, Brotton
aged 86, 31 Jan 1878. (Therefore John born, 1792).
Scroll down for more information about the
writings of John Farndale
Can anyone help me with more access to the writings of John Farndale,
of which I have many extracts, but not the whole set of writings? Please
email me at email@example.com?
John Farndale 1791 to 1879
In early recorded uses,
a yeoman was an attendant in a noble household.
The later sense of
yeoman as "a commoner who cultivates his own land" is recorded
from the 15th through 18th centuries. Yeomen farmers owned
land (freehold, leasehold or copyhold).
Their wealth and the size of their landholding varied. The Concise Oxford Dictionary states
that a yeoman was "a person qualified by possessing free land of 40/-
(shillings) annual [feudal] value, and who can serve on juries and vote for
a Knight of the Shire. He is sometimes
described as a small landowner, a farmer of the middle classes". Sir Anthony
Richard Wagner, Garter Principal King of Arms,
wrote that "a Yeoman would not normally have less than 100 acres"
(40 hectares) "and in social status is one step down from the Landed gentry,
but above, say, a husbandman". Often it was hard to distinguish
minor landed gentry from the wealthier yeomen, and wealthier husbandmen from
the poorer yeomen.
Yeomen were often constables of
and sometimes chief constables of the district, shire or hundred. Many yeomen held the positions
of bailiffs for
the High Sheriff or for the shire or
hundred. Other civic duties would include churchwarden,
bridge warden, and other warden duties. It was also common
for a yeoman to be an overseer for his parish. Yeomen, whether working for a
lord, king, shire, knight, district or parish, served in localised or
municipal police forces raised by or led by the landed gentry. Some of
these roles, in particular those of constable
and bailiff, were carried down through families. Yeomen often filled
ranging, roaming, surveying, and policing roles. In districts remoter
from landed gentry and burgesses, yeomen held more official
FROM THE WRITINGS OF JOHN FARNDALE 1791-1879
The History of
the Ancient Hamlet of Kilton-in-Cleveland, printed by W Rapp, Dundas Street,
History of Kilton dedicated to the Reverend William Jolley , Returning
Immigrant, by John Farndale
The Emigrants Return, printed by Burnett and Hood, Exchange Offices, Middlesborough, 1870
A Guide to
Saltburn by Sea by John Farndale
text, Impact of Agricultural Change on the Rural
Community - a case study of Kilton circa 1770-1870, Janet Dowey includes much about John Farndale
and his writings
first extract comes from Impact of Agricultural Change on the Rural Community
- a case study of Kilton circa 1770-1870, Janet Dowey:
The most predominant family at Kilton was the Farndales, their ancestry ages
old. Its most distinguished member John Farndale wrote numerous books on the
area. Kilton, the village itself had been a thriving community consisting of
a public house, a meeting house, two lodging houses and a schoolhouse, from
which sprang two eminent schoolmasters. A butcher's shop, a London tailor and
his apprentice and eight others, a rag merchant, a shop which sold some books,
pens, needles, tape and thread. Five sailors, two soldiers, two missionaries
plus a number of very old people.
The picture John Farndale paints is of a peaceful rural community who boasted
of no poachers, no cockfighters, no drunkards or swearers. A church going
people who met together on a Sunday afternoon. Kilton at that time had nearly
20 houses and a population of 140 men, women and children, a Hall, stables,
plantation and the old Castle plus 12 small farms stop when John wrote these
books he was speaking of a time long since gone (the early nineteenth
century), he listed each family that lives lived within the village.
Robert Jolly was a farmer and a staunch Wesleyan. After his death his farm
was carried on awhile by his sons. This being the time of Nelson's death
(1805), John goes on to say that there was great reformation in Kilton estate,
"the little farms were joined together, about 150 acres each. Every
farmer had to move to a new farm. The sons of Robert Jolly each moved away at
this time, one became a lifeguard to George III and the other eventually
became a minister. William Bulmer was another native of Kilton and married
with nine children, he made his living buying and selling, but all his
children moved away into 'respectable' situations."
Many of the farmers were weavers too, one in particular, George Bennison, had
two looms plus his land and also prepared a colt for Northallerton fair once
a year stop. The children of these farmers continually moved away from the
district and agriculture. John Farndale says "and
now they disappear, but where are they gone, I know not". John Tuke says "it is observable, but in those families which have succeeded from generation to
generation to the same farm, the strongest attachment to old customs prevails.
For conduct and character, the farmer under survey must deservedly rank high among
their fellows in any part of England, they are generally sober, industrious
and orderly; most of the younger part of them have enjoyed a proper
education, and give a suitable one to their children, who, of both sexes, are
brought up in habits of industry and economy. Such conduct rarely fails meeting
its reward; they who merit, and seek it, obtain independence, and every
generation, or part of every generation, may be seen stepping forward to a
scale in society somewhat beyond the last."
However Thomas Hardy in his book "Tess of the D'Urbervilles",
states "all mutations so increasingly discernible in village life did
not originate entirely in the agricultural unrest. A depopulation was going
on." The village life which Hardy talks about had previously "contained"
side by side with agricultural labourers an "interesting and better informed class". These included a carpenter, a
Smith, shoemaker, huckster "together with nondescript workers" in addition
to the farm labourers. A group of people who "owed a certain stability
of aim and conduct to the fact of their being life-holders or copyholders or
occasionally small freeholders." When the long holdings fell in they were rarely again let to identical tenants, and
they were usually pulled down, if they were not needed by the farmer or his
workers. "Cottagers who were not directly employed on the land were
looked upon with disfavour, and the banishment of some starved the trade of
others, who were thus obliged to follow." Families such as these had
formed the backbone of the village life in the past who were the depositories
of the village traditions, had to seek refuge in the large centres; the
process, designated by statisticians as the tendency of the rural population
towards the large towns being really the tendency of water to flow uphill
when forced by machinery.
And so to the conclusion:-
"An introduction to this small work, although small, yet I hope it will
be interesting to the tourist. The emigrants returning after a long series of
years to his nativity, as well as the missionary from the continent, the
soldier from his long campaign; the lifeguard from the city of London all
these we have hailed with joy to their dear home Kilton, which strange to say
there are no little boys ought and girls playing there. Is this well
pleasing, to kind providence, who said to our first parents, when he puts
them into the Garden of Eden, "be fruitful and multiply, and replenish
the earth." Would it not be advisable to divide
and subdivide and divide again this great continent - this farm, and obey our
Father's commands, being fruitful and multiplying, and what a noble race of
young girls would then be playing in this Jerusalem, as in the olden time.
We are now surprised to hear the above, on their return from a far country
saying, "no place can equal Kilton for loveliness" standing as it
does, in the midst of sylvan scenery, beautiful landscape and woodland
scenery, and what a perfume of sweet fragrance from wildflowers, particularly
the primrose acres that would grace any gentleman's pleasure ground of beauty
into loveliness. Kilton as it is situated, is fitted only for a prince"
"Now much has changed, we oft times have looked and looked again, but no
corner of this large farm has been neglected. Witness, this rich stack yard
of 100 acres of wheat, the staff of life, and 100 more, oats, beans, peas,
hay, clover, potatoes and turnips piled up against the winter storms. In the
fold are housed 100 head of sheep, a stable with 14 farming horses, besides
the young horses, pigs and geese in abundance, carts, wagons, ploughs and
harrows and all implements.
"He makes across the hills adorn,
He clothes the smiling fields with corn,
the beasts with food his hands supply,
and the young ones when they cry."
This was the Kilton John Farndale knew and loved. It had changed beyond
belief. Several of the very old and larger states were less crowded than they
had been; where a better cultivation had taken place, the small cottages had
given way gradually to shape a farm worthy of the person having such money to
improve it. A lot of the field structures and hedges were still in place,
only some of the hedges had been taken out to make bigger fields. The hedge
structure at Kilton was probably there 50 years before John Farndale was
born. In one instance a hedge appears to have been put in to divide a field.
Some of the reasons for
the demise of Kilton were the industrial revolution, which was the need to
centralise craftsmen from the small villages, a revolution in farming methods
and farming machinery, a wholesale destruction of the village for the town.
The Napoleonic Wars had an influence on the price of farm produce, the price
of food was kept at a fairly high level during the war but after the war
finished the price of grain fell to one of its lowest levels along with
falling meat prices, and disastrous harvests. Farming methods were needed to
get the harvest in quicker. This finally led the landlord to enlarge the
farms and bring in a farmer with money to modernise the farm. The
mechanisation of farming policies on the one hand and the progressive
quantity of urban factories on the other, combined to drastically alter that
rural life. Taking into consideration also the turnpike roads, the invention
of the railway and the canal networks it is obvious that economic and
technological forces were bringing far reaching changes. During the period
when enclosure was in progress, "the revolution in agricultural
methods", there was moderately steady process of new village creation, a
considerable upsurge within the 18th century. Enclosure or amalgamation of
the Kilton village farms, probably happened in the late 1860s, thus was the
complete destruction of the village.
Kilton became a victim not only of the "Monstre farm" but also of the Industrial Revolution.
"And now dear Farndale, the best of friends must part,
I bid you and your little Kilton along and final farewell.
Time was on to all our precious boon,
Time is passing away so soon,
Time know more about his vast eternity,
World without end oceans without sure."
John Farndale. 1870
John was a prolific
writer in the eighteenth century - he wrote about Kilton.
He wrote The History
of the Ancient Hamlet of Kilton-in-Cleveland, printed by W Rapp, Dundas
Street, Saltburn 1870 and The Emigrants Return,
printed by Burnett and Hood, Exchange Offices, Middlesborough, 1870
I am slowly transcribing the writings of John Farndale
John Farndale was born at Kilton in Cleveland, Yorkshire on
15 August 1791, second son of William and Mary Farndale (née Ferguson),
farmers and business people. On his 84th birthday (1874) he wrote his
memoirs. He stated that he was in good health. He died in 1879 aged 88. The
following notes are taken from his memoirs which were written in very
descriptive Victorian English.
He first described Kilton as "of great interest with a
great hall, stable, plantation and ancient stronghold in ruins (Kilton Castle)".
"It is still a small place" he says and he
describes how many have left it and made their name.
"My first remembrance began in my nurse's arms when I
could not have been more than 1 1/2 years old; a memory as vivid as if it
were yesterday. She took me out on St Stephen's Day 1973 into the current
Garth (a small enclosure) with a stick and 'solt'
to kill a hare. A great day at the time. Another
time (after celebrating the victory of Trafalgar, 1805) he was dangling head
foremost down the draw well hanging by the buckle of his shoe. He goes on to
describe a very happy childhood and he clearly adored his mother. "At
this time I believe I loved God and was happy."
He remembered "an old relation of my father"
(there were several in Kilton at that time) remarking that his elder brother
George was a "prodigal son", while John was the son at home with
his father. But he describes how he got up to many
frolics and had some narrow escapes, although he was no drunkard or swearer.
His parents, he said, "were strict Church people and
kept a strict look out. I became leader of the (Brotton) church signers,
clever in music" and he excelled his friends. He had a close friend, a
musician in the church choir. One day he met him and said he had been very
ill and had been reading a lot of books including "Aeleyn's
Alarum" and others "which nearly made my hair stand on end." . His friend told him that he was going to alter
his way of life and if John would not refrain from his revelries, he would
"be obliged to forsake your company.". "That was a nail in a
sure place. I was ashamed and grieved as I thought myself more pious than he.
Now I began to enter a new life as suddenly at St Paul's but with this
difference, he was in distress for three days and nights but for me it was
three months". He fasted all Lent and describes his torment. "How
often I went onto the hill with my Clarinet to play my favourite tune."
His companion lived one mile away (at Brotton perhaps?) and
they met half way every Sunday morning at 6am for prayer. He remembered well
meeting in a corner of a large grass field. George (Sayer) began and he
followed. When they finished they opened their eyes
to see "a rough farm lad standing over us, no
doubt a little nervous. Next day this boy said to others in the harvest field
'George Sayer and John Farndale are two good lads for I found them in a field
praying.' " On the following Sunday they moved to a small wood and met
under an oak tree and met an old man who wanted to join them. As usual George
began and John continued when the old man began to
roar in great distress.